Knitting Abbreviations Glossary

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Interweave Knitting Terms & Glossary
T3R - Twist 3 Right. With left needle tip, lift strand between needles, from back to front Figure 1. This secures the end stitches together. Drop knitted sl-st off needle to front of work, pl, pick up dropped St and knit it. Repeat step 1 for the second stitch to be bound off. Sorry for the late reply!


Start with a slip knot. CO cast on view video cont continue cross 2 L cross 2 stitches to the left to work a cable. Slip 2 stitches p-wise onto a cable needle, let cable needle hang in front of work as you knit the next couple of stiches; then knit stitches off of cable needle. Slightly finer than worsted weight. A short needle with points at both ends, used in sets or 4 or 5, for knitting in the round.

EON end of needle EOR end of row FC front cross in working a cable fl front loop s foll follow; follows; following g aka gr gram g st garter stitch grp s group s hdc half double crochet hk hook in s inch es inc s increase s incl including k knit view continental video view english video k tbl aka K1 tbl, K1b Knit stitch through the back loop view continental video view english video k-b knit stitch in row below. Infrequently used for knit through the back loop; see K tbl view continental video view english video k-wise knit-wise.

This is also called a Bar Increase view english video view continental video k2tog knit 2 stitches together view english video view continental video k2tog tbl knit 2 stitches together, through the back loops view english video view continental video kll knit left loop.

An increase view english video view continental video krl knit right loop. An increase view english video view continental video LC left cross to work a cable. This means to increase a stitch. Switch needles in your hands, so the needle with the stitches is in your left hand again. Continue this way, sliding and knitting, until the cord is the length you wish.

Give the cord a tug to make the yarn carry across the back disappear. Knit across the I-cord to the last stitch, then knit the last stitch together with the first stitch of your project sweater, jacket Pull the yarn across the back of the cord and slide the stitches to the other side of the DP needle as described above.

INC 5 - Increase 5. All slip-stitches on wrong-side rows are slipped with yarn in front. Knit from front into the St in the Row below the next St on left-hand needle; then knit the St on left-hand needle in the usual way.

Insert right-hand needle downward into the back of the St in the Row below the next St on the left- d needle into the purled head of St on the back of the fabric , and knit; then knit the St on left-hand needle in the usual way.

Kl-B - Knit 1 stitch through its back loop.. K2TOG-B - Insert the needle into the back loops of two stitches and knit them together as one stitch.

KD - Knit Double stitch. Insert needle from front to back into the stitch below next stitch,which will be formed of double strands, and draw through a loop; then knit the next stitch and pass the loop over the stitch just knitted. Kfb - knit front and back. Knit a stitch, leaving stitch on left needle; knit into the back loop of this stitch.

Kitchener Stitch - The abbreviations are as follows: Now grafting can be condensed to this magic formula. Repeat this until you reach the end of the needles, then secure the tail neatly inside. Knot St - Solomon's Knot.

K UP 1 - pick up and knit the stitch in the Row below. LC - Left Cross. Drop slipped St off needle to front of work, pl, then pick up dropped St and knit it. LI - Lifted Increase. Insert right-hand needle into the front of next St in the Row below, and knit; then knit the St on needle.

Drop knitted sl-st off needle to front of work, knit the next St, pick up dropped St and knit it. Insert hook in stitch indicated by patttern instructions, 2 rounds or rows below , draw up a long loop, yarn over, draw through both loops on hook to complete the stitch. Loop st - Loop Stitch. Directions are given for two ways: Forming loops over a strip: Forming loops over fingers: Drop knitted sl-st off needle to front of work, purl the next St, pick up dropped St and knit it.

LS - Left Slip. Drop knitted sl-st off needle to front of work, pl, pick up dropped St and knit it. Drop the elongated St off needle to front of work, Sl next 2 purl sts, pick up dropped St and place on left-hand needle, Sl the same 2 purl sts back to left-hand needle, then p2, kl across these 3 sts.

LT - Long Treble: Wind thread four times around needle and insert into work and pull thread through, which will leave six loops on needle. Work off two at a time the same as for Double Crochet. Skip 1 st and purl the 2nd St through back loop, then knit the skipped St, then Sl both sts from needle together:. Skip 1 St and knit into the back of second St, then-knit the skipped St, then Sl both sts from needle together.

Skip 1 St and knit the second St in'back loop,, then slip the skipped St purlwise onto right-hand needle, then slip the knit St. An increase worked by lifting the horizontal thread lying between the needles and placing it onto the left-hand needle. Work this new stitch through the back loop.

Knit into front, back, and front of same st; turn and k3, turn and p3, then pass 2nd and 3rd sts separately over the first st on right-hand needle. Knit into front, backand front of next st, turn and k3, turn and p3, turn and k3, turn and sl 1,k2tog, psso.

MK - Make Knot. MR - Make Ringlet. P2, there keep yarn in front sl these 2 sts back to left-hand needle; take yarn around passing in front of the 2 sts to back, sl the sts back to right-hand needle.

Do not insert right needle into any stitches! Just wrap yarn as usual, making sure to finish with it to the back of the knitting again. P1-B - Purl 1 back - Purl 1 stitch through its back loop, turning the work over slightly toward the knitter, inserting the needle into the back of the stitch from the left-hand side, and wrapping the yarn around the needle in front a purl stitch in the usual way.

P2TOG-B - Purl 2 stitches back - Turn the work over slightly and insert the needle from the left-hand side into the back loops of the second and first stitches, in that order, then wrap the yarn around the needle in front to complete the purl stitch. PBl - Purl back in 1 stitch - purl into back of next stitch.

PD - Purl Double stitch. Insert needle from back to front into the stitch below the next st, which will be formed of double strands, wrap yarn as if to purl and draw a loop out backward; then purl the next stitch and pass the loop over the stitch just purled. PFB - Purl front and back - purl into front and back of the next stitch.

Skip three chain stitches and make a single crochet. Chain 4, catch back into the first chain with single crochet. Make about four single crochet stitches between picots. With the tip of the right-hand needle pick up the knit stitch 2 rows below the next stitch on the left-hand needle. Put the picked up stitch onto the left-hand needle and k2tog TBL.

Popcorn Or Bobble Stitch - To do the popcorn or sometimes called the bobble stitch. PS - pass stitch un-worked from your left needle to the right needle. PSSO - Pass slipped stitch over. Insert the tip of the left-hand needle into a stitch that has been slipped, and draw the slipped stitch to the left over the stitch just knitted, over the tip of the right-hand needle, and off needle. Puff st - Puff Stitch. Puff stitches can be varied by as few or as many stitches as indicated by pattern instructions as well as different types of stitches, such as half doube crochet or double crochet stitches.

Sl 2 sts to dpn and hold in back at the right side, which is facing away from the knitter , kl, then p2 from dpn. Sl 2 sts to dpn and hold in back, pl, then sl the knit st from dpn back to left-hand needle and knit it, then pl from dpn. Sl 1 purl st wyib, drop next slipped st off needle to front of work, sl the same purl st back to left-hand needle, pick up dropped st and knit it, pl.

Sl 3 sts to dpn and hold in back, k2, then sl the purl st from dpn back to left-hand needle and purl it, then k2 from dpn. Reverse hdc - Reverse Half Double Crochet.

Working from left to right opposite for left handers , yo, insert hook in st indicated to right of the hook, draw up a loop, under and to the left of loops on hook 3 loops on hook , yo, draw through all 3 loops on hook to complete the stitch. Also see instructions on how to work a Shrimp Stitch.

Sl 1 st to dpn and hold in front at the wrong side, which is facing the knitter , p2, then kl from dpn. Sl 2 sts to dpn and hold in front, pl, then sl the knit st from dpn back to left-hand needle and knit it, then pl from dpn.

RK - Raised Knit Stitch. Insert needle into the st below next st on left-hand needle and draw yarn through 2 st on right-hand needle , purl the next st on left-hand needle 2 sts on right-hand needle , pass the first of these 2 sts over the last the last st.

Sl 1 wyib, drop next st off needle to front of work, sl the same st back to left-hand needle, pick up dropped st and knit it, kl. Skip 1 st and purl the 2nd st in back loop, then purl the skipped st,then sl both sts from needle together. Roll st - Roll Stitch.

Yarn over 5 times, or as many times as indicated by pattern instructions, insert hook in next st, yo and draw loop through st and all loops on hook, ch 1, to complete the stitch. This will produce a series of long coiled stitches, used in belts, edgings etc. RP - Raised Purl Stitch. Insert needle purlwise into the st below next st on left-hand needle and draw yarn through 1 st on right-hand needle , now purl the next st on left-hand needle 2 sts on right-hand needle , pass the first of these 2 sts over the last st.

Sl 1 wyib, drop next st off needle to front of work, sl the same st back to left-hand needle, pick up dropped st and knit it, pl. Skip 1 st and purl the 2nd st, then p2tog the skipped st and the 2nd st and sl both sts from needle together. Skip 1 st and purl the 2nd st, then purl the skipped st and sl both sts from needle together. RS - Right slip. Sl 2 purl sts, drop next elongated st off needle to front of work, sl the same 2 purl sts back to left hand needle, pick up dropped st and place it on left-hand needle, then kl, p2 across these 3 sts.

Skip 1 st and knit the 2nd st, then purl the skipped st, then sl both sts from needle together. Skip 1 st and knit into the front of second st, then knit the skipped st, then sl both sts from needle together. Sl 1 st to dpn and hold in back, kl-b, then pl from dpn. Sl 1 st to dpn and hold in back, k2, then pl from dpn. Sl 1 st to kpn and hold in front, pl, then kl-b from dpn. Sh - Shell Stitch. Shell stitches are usually worked with double crochets and can be varied by as few or as many stitches as indicated by pattern instructions as well as different types of stitches, such as triple crochet stitches.

Start with the one loop on your hook from the previous stitch, and go into the indicated stitch like you were going to make a single crochet and pull through a loop. YO and pull through that loop one time like a chain stitch, then YO again and go through both loops on the hook. Short double crochet completed. This stitch is thinner than the bulk of the half double crochet stitch and looks more delicate in a doily or lace piece.

Slip 1 st to dpn and hold in back, kl, then kl from dpn. SKP - Slip, knit, pass - slip 1, knit 1, pass slip stitch over. SKPO - Slip, knit, pass over - slip 1, knit 1, pass slip stitch over. Slant st - Slant Stitch. A slant stitch is used in conjunction with a crochet grouping of stitches and can be varied by as few or as many stitches as indicated by pattern instructions as well as different types of stitches, such as double crochet or triple crochet stitches.

Shrimp st - Shrimp Stitch. Working from left to right opposite for left handers , insert hook in stitch to the right of hook, pull up a loop, under and to the left of loop on hook 2 loops on hook , yo, draw through both loops on hook to complete the stitch. This makes a nice edging for many projects and is sometimes called the reverse or backwards stitch. SL ST - Insert needle into the next st on left hand needle as if to k, slip st onto right hand needle without knitting it. SP 2 - Spiral 2.

Work across next 2 stitches as follows: Split sc - Split Single Crochet. Single crochet between vertical bars of st in last round. SSk -Slip first stitch on left needle as if to knit. Transfer the stitch back to the right needle—2 stitches decreased.

Knit one stitch, then slip this knit stitch from the right needle back to the left needle without twisting it Figure 1. Use the point of the right needle to pass the second stitch on the left needle over the first stitch and off the left needle Figure 2. This decrease produces a fairly pronounced right-slanting decrease Figure 3.

Use this decrease to mirror a SKP Decrease a left-slanting decrease. Pull lp through indicated sp, draw ends through lp. A lifeline is a strand of yarn that is inserted into the work so that, if an error is encountered, it is easy to rip back to that point.

Lifelines are often used in lace knitting. Leave lifelines in your work until the piece is complete. To insert a lifeline, thread a tapestry needle with smooth, tightly twisted yarn such as crochet or perle cotton and insert the tapestry needle purlwise through each stitch on the needle, catching each stitch but going around any markers.

Do not remove the stitches from the needle. When working on a circular needle, it is easier to insert the lifeline if the stitches are pushed onto the cable portion of the needle. If you must rip back, use a smaller needle to pick up the stitches from the lifeline thread, and then resume working with your regular needle.

Right RLI Insert the tip of the right needle from back to front into the stitch in the row below the next stitch on the left needle and lift this stitch onto the left needle, then knit into it.

Insert the tip of the left needle from back to front into the stitch two rows below the stitch on the right needle. Work as for LLI, except purl through the back loop of the stitch two rows below the stitch on the right needle.

Place thumb and index finger of left hand between yarn ends so that working yarn is around index finger and tail end is around thumb. Secure ends with your other fingers and hold palm upwards, making a V of yarn Figure 1.

Bring needle up through loop on thumb Figure 2 , grab first strand around index finger with needle, and go back down through loop on thumb Figure 3. Drop loop off thumb and, placing thumb back in V configuration, tighten resulting stitch on needle Figure 4. Right-slanting loop CO also: For purl versions, work as above, purling lifted loop.

Place your thumb and index finger between the yarn ends so that the working yarn is around your index finger and the tail end is around your thumb. Secure the ends with your other fingers and hold your palm upward, making a V of yarn Figure 1. Now bring the needle over the strand going to the index finger to grab it Figure 2. Bring the needle back through the loop on the thumb, turning the thumb slightly to make room for the needle to pass through.

Drop the loop off the thumb Figure 4 and, placing the thumb back in the V configuration, tighten up the resulting stitch on the needle. Distribute the stitches over your chosen needles and join for working in the round. Hold pieces to be seamed with right sides together. With WS facing and working from right to left, insert right needle under selvedge stitch from farside to nearside, wrap yarn as to purl Figure 1 , and pull loop through Figure 2. Cut a small circle out of the center and a small edge out of the side of each circle Figure 1.

Tie a strand of yarn between the circles, hold circles together and wrap with yarn—the more wraps, the thicker the pompom. Knot the tie strand tightly and cut between the circles Figure 2. Place pom-pom between two smaller cardboard circles held together with a needle, and trim the edges Figure 3.

Place a loose slipknot on needle held in your right hand. Hold waste yarn next to slipknot and around left thumb; hold working yarn over left index finger. With left needle tip, lift strand between needles, from back to front Figure 1.

Purl lifted loop Figure 2. Work as regular I-cord, but pull the yarn around the front of the work. Working from left to right, insert the crochet hook into a knit edge stitch, draw up a loop, bring the yarn over the hook, and draw this loop through the first one. Cut the yarn and secure the last loop by pulling the tail through it. Work closely spaced straight stitches in graduated lengths as desired, entering and exiting in center of or at side of knitted stitches. Bind Off Cut the yarn three times the width of the knitting to be bound off, and thread onto a tapestry needle.

Work to turning point, slip next stitch purlwise Figure 1 , bring the yarn to the front, then slip the same stitch back to the left needle Figure 2 , turn the work around and bring the yarn in position for the next stitch—one stitch has been wrapped and the yarn is correctly positioned to work the next stitch. When you come to a wrapped stitch on a subsequent knit row, hide the wrap by working it together with the wrapped stitch as follows: Insert right needle tip under the wrap from the front; Figure 3 , then into the stitch on the needle, and work the stitch and its wrap together as a single stitch.

Work to the turning point, slip the next stitch purlwise to the right needle, bring the yarn to the back of the work Figure 1 , return the slipped stitch to the left needle, bring the yarn to the front between the needles Figure 2 , and turn the work so that the knit side is facing—one stitch has been wrapped and the yarn is correctly positioned to knit the next stitch.

To hide the wrap on a subsequent purl row, work to the wrapped stitch, use the tip of the right needle to pick up the wrap from the back, place it on the left needle Figure 3 , then purl it together with the wrapped stitch. Variation on hiding a wrap: When you come to a wrapped purl stitch on a subsequent knit row, hide the wrap by slipping the stitch and wrap together kwise to the right needle Figure 4.

Insert the left needle into stitch and knit them together through back loops. Insert hook in stitch, yarn over and pull a loop through stitch Figure 1 , yarn over and draw through both loops on hook Figure 2. Slip one stitch knitwise Figure 1 , knit the next stitch, and then use the point of the left needle to pass the slipped stitch over the knit stitch and off the right needle Figure 2.

This decrease produces a fairly pronounced left-slanting decrease Figure 3. Use this decrease to mirror a KSP Decrease a right-slanting decrease. Slip 1 stitch knitwise Figure 1 , then ssk Figure 2. Insert the left needle into the second stitch on the right needle and pass this stitch over the first stitch Figure 3 —2 stitches decreased. With right sides together and working one stitch at a time, insert a crochet hook through both thicknesses into the stitch just below the bound off edge, or one stitch in front of the selvedge edge.

Catch the yarn and draw a loop through both thicknesses, then catch the yarn again and draw this loop through the first. This secures the end stitches together. Pull the tail end through the last stitch on the hook.

A slipknot is a knot that tightens up easily once you place it on the needle. Work as for stem stitch, bringing needle out from back to front at center of a knitted stitch, piercing the working thread with each stitch.

Slip two stitches knitwise one at a time Figure 1. Insert point of left needle into front of two slipped stitches and knit them together through back loops with right needle Figure 2. For Sssk Double Decrease: Slip three stitches knitwise one at a time. Insert point of left needle into front of three slipped stitches and knit them together with right needle—three stitches reduced to one. Holding yarn in front, slip two stitches knitwise one at a time onto right needle Figure 1.

Slip them back onto left needle and purl the two stitches together through back loops Figure 2. For Sssp Double Decrease: Holding yarn in front, slip three stitches knitwise one at a time to right needle. Slip them back onto left needle and purl the three stitches together through the back loops—three stitches reduced to one.

Slip two stitches knitwise, one at a time, to the right needle Figure 1. Slip the two stitches back to the left needle with the new orientations, then insert the tip of the right needle from left to right into the backs of these stitches Figure 2 and slip them to the right needle. Purl the next stitch on the left needle Figure 3. Insert the tip of the left needle into the two slipped stitches on the right needle and pass them over the purl stitch Figure 4. Figure 5 shows the completed decrease from the wrong side and Figure 6 shows the decrease from the right side of the work.

From the late nineteenth through the middle twentieth century, masterpieces of stranded color work—Fair Isle sweaters, stockings, and caps—were handknitted with fantastic speed by knitters of the Shetland archipelago in northern Scotland.

Bring needle out from back to front at center of a knitted stitch. Insert needle into upper right edge of next stitch to right, then out again at center of stitch below.

Insert needle at top of stitch es you want to cover. This method is similar to the standard bind-off but produces a more elastic edge. Knit the next stitch on the left needle Figure 3 , then slip both stitches off the left needle—2 stitches remain on the right needle. Fasten off the last stitch. Wrap yarn to desired thickness around cardboard. Cut a short length of yarn and tie tightly around one end of the wrapped yarn Figure 1.

Cut yarn loops at other end. Cut another piece of yarn and wrap tightly around loops a short distance below top knot to form tassel neck. Knot securely, thread ends onto tapestry needle, and pull to center of tassel Figure 2. Cut yarn and pull tail through last stitch. Wrap yarn around hook two times, insert hook into a stitch, yarn over hook and draw a loop through four loops on hook; Figure 1 , yarn over hook and draw it through two loops Figure 2 , yarn over hook and draw it through the next two loops, yarn over hook and draw it through the remaining two loops Figure 3.

Repeat above for next stitch. With contrasting waste yarn, cast on half the number of stitches required using the backward-loop method.