Effects of Diet on Cardiovascular System

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Diabetes and Its Effects on the Cardiovascular System
Heart Health Some foods benefit the circulatory system. Diet is one of the key things you can change that will impact all other cardiovascular risk factors. In the endurance exercise-trained state or with high levels of physical activity, endothelial function and parasympathetic tone augmented heart rate variability are enhanced. Schematic diagram of the interactions proposed in this paper In the endurance exercise-trained state or with high levels of physical activity, endothelial function and parasympathetic tone augmented heart rate variability are enhanced. Many of these chemicals come from burning tobacco leaf.

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If a diabetic person also has high blood pressure and abnormal lipids high total cholesterol, high triglycerides, high LDL, and low HDL , which is a common finding in poorly controlled diabetics, the disease process is much more accelerated. The vessels that supply blood to the heart and the brain begin to stiffen, plaque develops inside them, and the blood supply to the heart and brain is greatly diminished. Decreased blood supply to the heart leads to symptoms of ischemia.

A person may experience shortness of breath with activities, pressure—like chest pain, or feelings of fatigue. This can also lead to a heart attack and possible death. A stress test almost always helps to determine if a patient has ischemia from narrowing heart vessels coronaries. Adding smoking and family history of cardiovascular disease increases the risk of complications and premature death. When ischemia develops in the brain, it is called a stroke. This can cause weakness or numbness on one—side of the body.

Slurred speech also develops in those that are having a stroke. This organ beats , times in one day. Lack of exercise, unhealthy diet and vices could break down the heart. Regular exercise keeps the heart strong so it does not work harder in circulating the blood. This is called resting heart rate. Physical fitness lowers the resting heart rate by up to two beats per minute.

This means, your heart will beat 2, less in a day. Exercising increases the stroke volume of the heart. This refers to the amount of blood being pumped by the heart with every beat. Every time your heart beats, blood enters the left ventricle and out the blood vessels. This motion pushes blood into the veins and into your every organ. This is how your tissues get access to oxygen.

By exercising, the heart achieves stronger, more powerful muscle contractions. This literally increases the pumping power of your heart. When the stroke volume of the heart is increased, it does not work as hard as it should. Exercise has immediate and long-term effects on the cardiovascular system. While all types of exercise provide health and fitness benefits, strength training and stretching have a minimal impact on the cardiovascular system.

Aptly called cardio exercise, activities such as walking, running, biking and swimming activate the heart and lungs; when done routinely, they create enduring changes in your physiology. When you exert the large, powerful muscles in your lower body for more than a few minutes, you create energy demands that increase your heart rate and respiration.

During cardio, you repeatedly contract and relax your gluteal, hamstring and quadriceps muscles. You quickly deplete the 30 seconds' worth of fuel, a molecule called ATP, your muscles have on hand.

Your muscles resort to glucose in your blood and a sugar, glycogen, stored in your muscles for raw material to make more ATP. Within a few minutes, your blood glucose levels start to dip, causing your pancreas to release a hormone, glucagon. Delivered through your bloodstream to tissues throughout your body, glucagon triggers the release of glycogen stored in your liver and triglycerides, or fat, stored in fat cells under your skin and in your abdomen.

As your muscles burn fuel to power movement, nerves in your arteries detect a rise in carbon dioxide, a waste product produced by energy metabolism. This triggers your brain to increase your heart and respiration rate.

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