Diet, Nutrition, and Exercise

Postpartum Counseling Checklist: Diet, Nutrition, and Exercise

Guatemala improves Maternal-Infant Health and Nutrition
Counselors check on a mother and son as part of a follow-up visit in a community. Both individuals and organizations working in the domain of global health often face many questions regarding ethical and human rights. Everything you need to know about the lectin-free diet Anti-inflammatory diet: Low levels of zinc alter circulating levels of multiple hormones associated with the onset of labor. A new study unlocks the psychological and neuroanatomical differences between these people.

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Further test-tube studies found that a supplement containing pumpkin seeds had the potential to slow down the growth of prostate cancer cells 11 , Pumpkin seeds may help relieve symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH , a condition where the prostate gland enlarges and can cause problems with urination. Several studies in humans found that eating these seeds reduced symptoms that are associated with BPH A study of over 1, men looked at the effects of consuming pumpkin seeds on BPH.

After one year, men receiving them reported reduced symptoms and a better quality of life There is also research to suggest that taking pumpkin seeds or their products as supplements can help treat symptoms of an overactive bladder.

One study found that taking a supplement of 10 grams of pumpkin seed extract daily improved urinary function in 45 men and women with overactive bladders Pumpkin seeds are one of the best natural sources of magnesium. This is important, since magnesium deficiency is common in many Western countries. Magnesium is necessary for more than chemical reactions in the body.

Adequate levels of magnesium are important for:. Pumpkin seeds are a good source of antioxidants, magnesium, zinc and fatty acids, all of which may help keep your heart healthy Animal studies have also shown that pumpkin seed oil can help reduce high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.

These are two important risk factors for heart disease 23 , Other studies suggest that it may be the nitric oxide enzymes contained in pumpkin seed oil that are responsible for its positive effects on heart health Nitric oxide helps expand blood vessels, improving blood flow and reducing the risk of plaque growth in the arteries. Animal studies have shown that pumpkin, pumpkin seeds, pumpkin seed powder and pumpkin juice can reduce blood sugar 27 , This is especially important for people with diabetes, who may struggle to control their blood sugar levels.

Several studies have found that supplementing the diet with pumpkin juice or seed powder reduced blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes The high magnesium content of pumpkin seeds may be responsible for its positive effect on diabetes. Pumpkin seeds are a great source of dietary fiber. Whole seeds provide 5. However, pumpkin kernels with the shell removed contain 1. These are the green pumpkin seeds available in most supermarkets.

In addition, high-fiber diets have been associated with a reduced risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes and obesity Low zinc levels are associated with reduced sperm quality and an increased risk of infertility in men Evidence from one study in mice suggests they may also help protect human sperm from damage caused by chemotherapy and autoimmune diseases Pumpkin seeds are also high in antioxidants and other nutrients that can contribute to healthy testosterone levels and improve overall health.

Together, all these factors may benefit fertility levels and reproductive function, especially in men. If you have trouble sleeping, you may want to eat some pumpkin seeds before bed. They're a natural source of tryptophan, an amino acid that can help promote sleep. Consuming around 1 gram of tryptophan daily is thought to help improve sleep However, you would need to eat around 7 oz grams of pumpkin seeds to get the necessary 1 gram of tryptophan.

The zinc in these seeds can also help convert tryptophan to serotonin, which is then changed into melatonin, the hormone that regulates your sleep cycle. In addition, pumpkin seeds are an excellent source of magnesium. Adequate magnesium levels have also been associated with better sleep Some small studies have found that taking a magnesium supplement improved sleep quality and total sleep time in people with low magnesium levels 35 , If you'd like to experience the benefits of pumpkin seeds, they're easy to incorporate into your diet.

In many countries, they're a popular snack that can be eaten either raw or roasted, salted or unsalted. As well as eating them alone, you can add them to smoothies or to Greek yogurt and fruit.

You could incorporate them into meals by sprinkling them into salads, soups or cereals. Some people use pumpkin seeds in baking, as an ingredient for sweet or savory bread and cakes. However, as with many seeds and nuts, they contain phytic acid , which can reduce the bioavailability of some nutrients you eat. If you eat seeds and nuts regularly, you may want to soak or sprout them to reduce the phytic acid content.

Roasting them may also help. The rich nutrient content of pumpkin seeds means they may provide many other health benefits, such as improved energy, mood and immune function. Along with a healthy diet, seeds can help reduce blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure. Here are 6 super seeds to eat for better health. Skip to main content. New in RHL Guideline. Pre-eclampsia stands out among the hypertensive disorders for its impact on maternal and neonatal health. It is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide.

The primary goal of the present guidelines is to improve the quality of care and outcomes for WHO recommendations for prevention and treatment of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. The effects of amnioinfusion for preterm premature rupture of membranes PPROM are limited by the small sample sizes of the included studies. Amnioinfusion for third trimester preterm premature rupture of membranes.

Within the continuum of reproductive health care, antenatal care ANC provides a platform for important healthcare functions, including health promotion, screening and diagnosis, and disease prevention. It has been established that, by implementing timely and appropriate evidence-based practices, WHO recommendations on antenatal care for a positive pregnancy experience. The primary audience for this guideline is health professionals who are responsible for developing national and local health protocols and policies, as well as managers of maternal and child health programmes and policy-makers in all settings.

The guideline will also be useful to those directly WHO recommendations for prevention and treatment of maternal peripartum infections. The primary audience for this guideline includes health-care professionals who are responsible for developing national and local health-care protocols and policies, as well as managers of maternal and child health programmes and policy-makers in all settings.

The guideline will also be useful to WHO recommendations on interventions to improve preterm birth outcomes. Optimizing outcomes for women in labour at the global level requires evidence-based guidance of health workers to improve care through appropriate patient selection and use of effective interventions.

The goal of the present recommendations is to consolidate the guidance for effective interventions WHO recommendations for augmentation of labour. Health professionals responsible for developing national and local protocols and health policies constitute the main target audience of these recommendations. Obstetricians, midwives, general medical practitioners, health care managers and public health policy-makers, particularly in under-resourced settings are also targeted.

WHO recommendations for the prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage. Policy-makers should consider educational, regulatory, financial, and personal and professional support interventions to recruit and retain qualified health workers in rural and remote areas. WHO recommendation on recruitment and retention of staff in rural and remote areas. Task shifting the promotion of health-related behaviours for maternal and newborn health ad to a broad range of cadres, including lay health workers, auxiliary nurses, nurses, midwives and doctors is recommended.

Task shifting the distribution of recommended nutritional supplements and intermittent WHO recommendation on task shifting components of antenatal care delivery. Packages of interventions that include household and community mobilization and antenatal home visits are recommended to improve antenatal care utilization and perinatal health outcomes, particularly in rural settings with low access to health services.

WHO recommendation on community mobilization and antenatal home visits.

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