Roles of Vitamin B in Pregnancy

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Niacin is one vitamin you do not want to overdose on during pregnancy. Besides, you can take some supplement after asking your doctor. Like all B vitamins, B-2 riboflavin is water soluble. Individuals eating an unbalanced or deficient diet also need to consider taking a B-complex supplement to prevent neurological symptoms associated with vitamin B deficiencies. The body only requires small amounts of it, but it plays a large role in preventing chronic diseases. Vitamin C is one of the most powerful and essential antioxidants in our body.

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Nutrients & Vitamins For Pregnancy

Even if you are eating mostly "fat free" foods, excess consumption will result in additional body fat. Fat calories in food are readily stored, while it takes energy to transform protein and carbohydrates to body fat. The only proven way to reduce body fat is to burn more calories than one consumes. High blood cholesterol has been linked to the occurrence of atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis is a buildup of fatty deposits in the coronary arteries and other blood vessels, and is a leading cause of heart attacks. Dietary cholesterol is only found in foods from animal sources, including meat, fish, milk, eggs, cheese, and butter. HDL and LDL are lipoproteins, substances found in the bloodstream, that transport cholesterol and triglycerides in the body. Protein is essential to the structure of red blood cells, for the proper functioning of antibodies resisting infection, for the regulation of enzymes and hormones, for growth, and for the repair of body tissue.

Amino acids are the building blocks of protein and are found in a variety of foods. Meat, milk, cheese, and egg are complete proteins that have all the essential amino acids. Other sources of protein include whole grains, rice, corn, beans, legumes, oatmeal, peas, and peanut butter. For those who do not eat meat, eggs, or dairy products, it is important to eat a variety of these other foods in order to get enough protein.

One teaspoon of table salt contains about 2, milligrams of sodium. The difference between "sodium" and "salt" can be confusing. Vitamin B6 , or pyridoxine, helps the body to absorb and metabolize amino acids, to use fats, and to form red blood cells.

Deficiency in the vitamin may result in smooth tongue, skin disorders, dizziness, nausea, anemia, convulsions, and kidney stones. Whole grains, bread, liver, green beans, spinach, avocadoes, and bananas are rich food sources that are high in this vitamin. The RDA ranges from 1. B7—also known as Biotin or vitamin H, helps form fatty acids and assists in the release of energy from carbohydrates.

There have been no cases of deficiency among humans. B9, or folic acid , sometimes goes by the name of vitamin M or vitamin B-c. Folic acid enables the body to form hemoglobin.

It helps treat anemia and sprue. Good food sources include leafy green vegetables, nuts, whole grains, legumes, and organ meets. However, bear in mind that folic acid is lost when foods are stored at room temperature or cooked. Deficiency is rare, although folic acid is particularly important in pregnancy.

Consuming adequate folic acid before and during pregnancy helps prevent neural tube defects in newborns, including spina bifida. The RDA for both men and women is micrograms, but women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant should consume micrograms a day. It is important to remember that with a healthy diet, you should be able to get the full amount of these vitamins and minerals. For more information on the typical vitamins and minerals, you will find in prenatal vitamins, check out our article Prenatal Vitamin Ingredients.

Cumulin, an oocyte-secreted heterodimer of the transforming growth factor-beta family, is a potent activator of granulosa cells and improves oocyte quality. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Vitamin D Supplementation during Pregnancy: J Bone Miner Res.

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Vitamin B6